30 Second Answer
Structural functionalists believe that education is a key institution whose goal is to socialize children and teens so that they can be productive citizens.
Functionalism is a macro sociological perspective that looks at society as a complex system. In this perspective, education is one of the key institutions in society. The main goal of education, according to functionalists, is socialization. Socialization refers to the learning process that a new generation acquires knowledge, values and attitudes they need in order to be productive citizens.
There are several benefits that come with socialization through education. One of the benefits is that it helps to reduce crime rates. This is because education provides people with the skills and knowledge they need to find legitimate jobs. When people are gainfully employed, they are less likely to turn to crime. Another benefit of education is that it helps to promote social cohesion. This is because people who are educated are more likely to have similar values and attitudes. They are also more likely to be able to communicate effectively with each other.
There are some criticisms of functionalism as well. One of the criticisms is that it does not take into account the unequal distribution of resources in society. This means that some people have better access to education than others. Another criticism is that functionalism does not take into account the fact that some people do not want to conform to the norms and values of society.
In spite of these criticisms, functionalism remains a powerful perspective for understanding the role of education in society.